The Suebi were a large group of Germanic tribes who began migrating south west from the Baltic sea and the river Elbe in the first century BC, notably coming into conflict with the the Roman Republic and later the Roman Empire. The Suebi did, however, outlast the Roman Western Empire, continuing to migrate and establish their own kingdoms, such as the Kingdom of the Suebi in western Iberia in the 5th century AD and the Kingdom of the Lombards in the Italian peninsula in the 6th century AD.
Originally, Suebi culture was the same as that of the southern Germanic Tribes, but over time they adopted a more Latin culture, leading to a decline of distinct Suebi culture by the mid-to-late 1st millennium AD. The Kingdom of the Suebi was annexed by the Visigoths in the 6th century, and the Kingdom of the Lombards was conquered by the Franks in 774 AD. Lombard culture had also all but disappeared by this time, as the language was replaced by the local Italian languages, they had almost entirely converted to Christianity, and other cultural traditions died out. Nevertheless, the Suebi left a cultural legacy in Europe, notable for taking the reins of chaotic world and forging kingdoms in a world still reeling from the death of a great empire.